Manufacturing involves the process of transforming raw materials or components into finished products. It encompasses a wide range of activities, including designing, planning, assembling, and producing goods on a large scale. Manufacturing typically involves various processes such as machining, molding, casting, or assembly lines to create the final product.
Fabrication refers specifically to the process of shaping, cutting, bending, and joining raw materials or semi-finished components to create a finished product. It often involves working with metals, such as steel or aluminum, and may include processes like welding, sheet metal forming, or machining. Fabrication can be a part of the larger manufacturing process, particularly in industries where metal-based products are manufactured.